Sven Ouzman (USA), Gustavo Martinez (Argentina) and Robin Torrence (Australia)
Anthropology Department, 232 Kroeber Hall, University of California at Berkeley, CA 94720-3710, USA.
CONICET-INCUAPA-FASCO-UNICEN, Departamento de Arqueología, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales de Olavarría.UNICEN, Del Valle 5737 (7400). Olavarría, Provincia de Buenos Aires-Argentina
Anthropology, Australian Museum, 6 College Street, Sydney, NSW 2010, Australia.
The theme looks at the nature of both archaeological practice and empirical results. First, archaeologists are concerned that the diversity of inquiry into human culture might be masked by a few dominant voices. Training, trans-national knowledge encounters, colonial legacies, the increasingly public face of the social sciences and the participation of non-social scientists in this knowledge process are all issues that we hope will be constructively debated by sessions in this theme. The theme is intended to be a forum for discussion of new research results, but we also expect that a comparative approach across the southern hemisphere will lead to new ideas relevant to scholars working in other areas of the world. The theme’s aims are thus:
• To examine the dynamics of how archaeological knowledge is exchanged. For example, must Africanists communicate with each other via Cambridge University Press?
• To exchange information and the nature of knowledge on the archaeology of the southern hemisphere.
• To blend archaeological and ‘indigenous voice’ concerns in post-colonial contexts.
Stone Arrangements In The Southern Hemisphere
Fiona Hook (Australia) and Bruce Veitch (Australia)
Stone arrangements have remained a relatively understudied archaeological feature in the Southern Hemisphere. They occur in a very wide range of social settings and time periods. Until recently the literature on the archaeology of stone arrangements in this region has rarely gone beyond the descriptive. New studies of stone arrangements in the Southern Hemisphere include attempts to understand these features in terms of cultural landscapes defined in the broadest sense, comparisons with regional rock art studies, and the use of chronometric techniques such as optically stimulated luminescence to date their construction. This session is designed to explore the function and meanings of stone arrangements in the past and the present in the South and discuss how such studies differ from and inform those conducted in the North.
Created, Transported, Remembered And Forgotten: Pacific Perspectives On Cultural Landscapes
Robin Torrence and Jim Specht (Australian Museum, Sydney, Australia) Dating of the Gurdadaguji Stone Arrangements in the Pilbara Region of Western Australia
Bruce Veitch and Fiona Hook (Archae-aus Pty Ltd, Perth, Australia)
Stone Arrangements In The Australian Blue Mountains
Matthew Kelleher (Consultant, Sydney, Australia) Stone Arrangements near Tibooburra, New South Wales
Jenny Tulloch (Consultant, Sydney, Australia)
Desert-kites Of The Hemma Plateau (Hassake, Syria)
Paul-Louis van Berg (Université Libre de Bruxelles, Faculté de Philosophie et Lettres, Avenue F. D. Roosevelt, Bruxelles) Gifts To Gods ´ Gifts To Men: Northern Massim Megaliths in the Context of Pacific History and Sociality
Fred Damon (Department of Anthropology, University of Virginia) and Simon Bickley (IT and Heritage Project Manager, Auckland, NZ)
Day Wednesday Date 25th June
Time 9-11AM Room McMahon 200
Peasants In Archaeology
Alejandro Haber (Argentina) and Alejandra Korstanje (Argentina)
Universidad Nacional de Catamarca
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
Instituto de Arqueología y Museo
Universidad Nacional de Tucumán
In social theory, peasants are considered to be important actors in economic, social and political terms. This is not always the case in archaeology; more akin to frame their studies under subsistence and/or technology and/or culture oriented categories (farmers, husbandry, agriculture, Neolithic/Formative, etc.). Even on those terms, it is frequently the case that productive activities of major contribution -other than agriculture- become regularly obscured. This session intends to gather and discuss diverse perspectives on the archaeology of peasants, from as diverse historical, social, geographical and cultural contexts as possible. Past peasant societies often resist the application of a whole set of concepts of supposedly universal validity, including domestication, complexity, intensification, etc. Is this lack a result of the application of northern anthropological/archaeological theories and methodologies? If not, why the reduction to those perspectives in southern archaeologies? Focusing on the small scale rural social groups that usually retain –at least partially- the control of their own reproduction within the group unit, can an exploration of such reluctant cases help to think alternative ideas? For example, can a perspective from the peasants themselves, as an alternative to a perspective on peasants from the state, be expanded? We get here through the present limitations of our constructions about the past, and we conjecture if the social and political resonances of the category ‘peasants’ in present third world countries are in some ways obscuring the study of peasants in pre-colonial contexts. Are there any political implications of such a theoretical re-framing for third-world archaeologies? Are there any such implications for peasants, as poor people in non industrial settings of poor countries? From third world’s archeological perspectives -that reserves only a part of the decisions for their academic production, reproduction and change- it becomes relevant to ask if the ongoing northern debate is useful for an understanding of past peasants. Is there any kind of relative archaeological ‘invisibility’ of peasants or is it in some ways related to the relative ‘invisibility’ of southern archaeologies in the theoretical and methodological debates? Or is it connected to the relative poverty of both peasants and third world conditions of academic knowledge of their past? In synthesis, not only the discussion on peasant archaeologies is welcome, but also how do the diverse cultural and social perceptions of society, time, nature, power and craft, permeate into theoretical and methodological categories used in the archaeology of peasants. Possible and partially explored dimensions of the problem are, for example: The role of gathering and hunting activities in peasants economies and its relation with herding, seeding and exchanging performances. Also, familiar-level interaction networks; relationships to land, water, and other resources. Modes of articulation, domination, resistance, struggle, or simple low profile surviving strategies, between peasants and broader social structures (chiefdoms, states, global economies). Other issues to be explored are everyday livelihoods and particular practices that enhance the reproduction of the group or, on the contrary, its failure; accepted and rejected, representations of peasant groups as selves or as others; relationships between peasants and issues of cultural heritage, and the roles of peasants in social and political changes. Also, ethnographically and document-based studies on peasants are welcome, as theoretical, methodological and historical perspectives of the archaeology of peasants.
Ancient Peasant Labor In The Andes
Alejandra Korstanje (Instituto de Arqueología y Museo, Universidad Nacional de Tucumán, Argentina) Conectando Espacios Construidos Y Utilizados En Sociedades Campesinas, A Partir De La Antigua Tecnologia Litica (En Amaicha Del Valle, Argentina)
Carolina Somonte (Instituto de Arqueología y Museo,Universidad Nacional de Tucumán, Argentina)
The Denial Of Peasant Agency
Alejandro F. Haber (Universidad Nacional de Catamarca, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Argentina) Archaeology of Shifting Cultivation : the Case of Rajmahal Hills
Crossing Cultural Borders In The Saharo-Sahelian Zone
Elena A.A. Garcea (Universita’ di Cassino, Laboratorio di Archeologia,Via Bari, 8, 03043 Cassino, FR, Italy) Prehispanic Societies at the North Eastern Ecuadorian Amazon Region
Architectural Evidence Of Inca Occupation In The Provinces Of Oyon And Huaura
Roberto Aldo Noriega Guiterrez (Archaeologist, Wiesse Foundation, Av.Leonardo Arrieta 984, Lima 1 Peru) Inka Settlement in Lower Valley of Chillon
José Quinto Palacios
Archaeological Sites In Puchca Valley: Specialized Agricultural Production As A New Variant Of The Management Of Ecological Levels In The Northern Highlands Of Peru
Bebel Ibarra Asencios (Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos) Indigenous Medical Practices Among Muria-Gonds of Bastar, Chhattisgarh, India: An Ethnographic Perspective
Arun Kumar (Dept. of Anthropology, Ravi Shankar Univ., Raipur, India)
The Inca Road Of Cajatambo
Joseph Bernabé Romero Archaeological cultures of the Assam Region
Dilip K. Medhi (Gauhati University, Guwahati, Assam)
Chalcolithic Culture Of The Gangetic Plain With Special Reference To Recent Excavations At Agiabir, District In Mirzapur (Uttar Pradesh)
Ashok Kumar Singh (Department of AIHC & Archaeology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, 221 005, India) Archaeological Evidence from Anuradhapura
S. M. Haldhar
Landscapes Of Settlement In Ancient Pundranagara, Bangladesh
S S Mostafizur Rahman Pre-Hispanic settlements in the River Basin of Cachiyacu (Peruvian Amazon Area)
Santiago Rivas Panduro (Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos)
Indigenous Communication Systems In The Western Grassfield Of Cameroon
Checkadam Kilem Forbah Traditional Farming Methods and Colonial Threats in the Bameda Grassfields of Cameroon: the Need for a Maintenance of Culture Policy
Fomuny am Sade Fonjweng (Department of History, PO Box 65, Buea, S.W. Province, Cameroon)
Day Monday Date 23rd June
Time 9AM-1PM & 4-6PM Room McMahon 318
Case Studies And Conceptual Concerns Among Southern Hemisphere Gatherer- Hunter-forager Societies
Gustavo Martinez (Argentina)
Departamento de Arqueología,
Facultad de Ciencias Sociales de Olavarría.
UNICEN, Del Valle 5737. (7400).
Provincia de Buenos Aires-Argentina
Punpun Tradition And The Kintampo Complex: A New Model For The Origin And Development Of Socio-economic Complexity Of Prehistoric Ghana
Derek Watson (Institute of Archaeology, UCL, London, UK) Late Holocene intensification and construction of landscape in Hunter-Gatherers of the Southern Hemisphere
Gustavo Martínez (CONICET-INCUAPA-FACSO-UNICEN, República Argentina)
Tool Stone Selection In The Argentina Pampa: Something More Than Only Good Quality.
Nora Flegenheimer (CONICET, Area Arq. Antrop, Mun. Necochea) and Cristina Bayón (Universidad Nacional del Sur) Mind the gap: technological variations between both sides of the Magellan Strait
Nora Viviana Franco and Luis Alberto Borrero (IMHICIHU (CONICET) and Universidad de Buenos Aires)
Hunter-gatherer Home Ranges In The Southern Hemisphere: A Comparative Exploration
R. Barberena and L.A. Borrero (Departamento de Investigaciones Prehistóricas y Arqueológicas, MHICIHU-CONICET, República Argentina) Prehistoric Migration Pattern in the Middle Ganga Valley: An Ethno-archaeological Approach
Dr. Shahida Ansari (Department of Archaeology, Deccan College, Pune – 411 006, India)
Day Sunday Date 22nd June
Time 4-6PM Room McMahon 318
Inherited Models And The Denial Of Prehistory: Challenging Existing Concepts Of Agriculture
Tim Denham (Australia), Jose Iriarte (USA) and Luc Vrydaghs (Brussels)
Department of Archaeology
GPO Box 2100
Adelaide, SA, 5001.
University of Kentucky,
211 Lafferty Hall, Lexington, KY 40506, USA.
Department of Geography
University of Ghent. Geological Institute
Krijgslaan, 282 S8. B – 9000 Ghent. Belgium.
Laboratory of Wood biology and Xylarium.
RMCA. Chée de Louvain, 13. B – 3080 Tervuren. Belgium.
Given the number of talks, the abstracts are grouped into four mini-sessions. These are numbered/denoted differently to avoid confusion.
The central theme to be investigated is whether models of agricultural development and diffusion based on Eurasian and MesoAmerican experiences are universally relevant. Multiple lines of evidence of early and potentially indigenous agriculture are being clarified in areas often considered to be peripheral, including parts of South and Central America, SubSaharan Africa, Indo-Malaysia, Melanesia and other areas. In this session, these lines of evidence are presented and compared against pervasive models of “agricultural origins” in order to widen existing discourses. A wide range of approaches to the definition of agriculture will be considered including alternative conceptions based on various spatial and temporal contexts.
• Creation of historically contingent and contextual conceptions of agriculture.
• Challenging existing (largely inherited Eurasian) models of agricultural ‘origins’.
• What is the value of using domestication as a measure of agricultural societies?
• Which agricultural signatures are most relevant?
• Discussing emerging lines of evidence from the tropics and Southern Hemisphere: archaeobotanical remains of former crop plants, palaeoecological records of clearance, signatures of an agricultural ‘packages’, archaeological evidence of former field systems and cultivated plots.
Mini-session A: Theorising the origins of agriculture. Chairs: Tim Denham, Jose Iriarte and Luc Vrydaghs
Introduction to session
Tim Denham, Jose Iriarte and Luc Vrydaghs
Semantics and substance in the search for evidence of “agricultural origins”
David R. Harris
Low-Level Food Production and “Domestication”
Bruce D. Smith
Evolutionary Theory and Agricultural Origins
Dolores R. Piperno
Detecting Agriculture in the Environmental Record: Theoretical and Methodological Issues
Deborah M. Pearsall
The Nature of Domestication in Agricultural Formation
The Kuk Site and New Guinea Agricultural History
Mini-session B – Perspectives on agriculture in Indo-Malaysia, Melanesia and the Pacific. Chair: Tim Denham
Transitions from Foraging to Farming in Southeast Asia: Inter-Disciplinary Insights from Niah Cave, Sarawak
Tubers and Palms and their Role in Rain Forest Occupation in Borneo
Bananas in Prehistory: Perspectives from Papua New Guinea
Prehistoric Plant Exploitation in New Guinea: Towards a Contingent Interpretation of Agriculture
The Intensification Model as Applied to New Guinea Prehistory: a Re-Examination of Kuk Phases 4, 5 and 6
The Concept of ‘Domestication’ in Pacific Prehistory
J. Peter White
‘Traditional’ or Spiritual-Driven as Opposed to ‘Modern’ or Rational-Driven Agricultural Systems on the Island of Rapa Nui (Easter Island, Chili)
Geertrui Louwagie and Roger Langohr
Minisession C – Perspectives on agriculture in the Americas. Chair: José Iriarte
Investigating the Dispersal of Cultigens into Southern South America
Pre-Columbian Indigenous Migrations on South America Inferred by Genetic studies on Archaeological Crops Founded in Calcareous Shelters of Brazil.
Fábio de Oliveira Freitas
Chronicling Indigenous Accounts of the Rise of Agriculture
Matthew P. Sayre
An Exploration in Domesticating Prehistoric Andean Landscapes: The Case Study of Zea mays
John E. Staller
Tracing the Origin and Diffusion of Domesticated Maize Through Phytolith Assemblages Recovered from Food Residues
Robert G. Thompson
Re-Examining the “Typical” Pre-Hispanic Lowland South American Diet: a View from the Middle Orinoco
Plant Domestication and Early Village Life in Mesoamerica and the Near East
Kevin O. Pope and Mary D. Pohl
Keepers of Louisiana’s Levees: Early Moundbuilders, Forest Managers, Fisher-Hunters, and Cultivators
Gayle J. Fritz
Archaeobotany, Native Agriculture, and Bridges Between Native and Non-Native People: Upstate New York and Beyond
Minisession D – Perspectives on agriculture in India and Africa. Chair: Luc Vrydaghs
Waxing crescents, non-centres and non-sense: The Local Scale of Agricultural Origins
Dorian Q. Fuller
Palaeo-ethnobotanical finds from excavations in south India with reference to protohistoric Watgal, Karnataka: initial farming practices and possible African crop connections with Deccan peninsula
Mukund D. Kajale
Pastoralism in Africa before Village Farming and States: Why Is Acceptance So Slow?
Human impact on the environment of two forested central African countries (Gabon and Cameroon) during the Holocene.
R. Oslisly and L. White
Agriculture in Rwanda during the Early Iron Age
Marie-Claude Van Grunderbeek and Emile Roche
Human Created Landscapes: The Archaeology of the Shashe-Limpopo River Basin, Northeastern Botswana
Sarah Dingalo and Alfred Tsheboeng
Holocene Land Use Patterns in Central Africa: a GIS approach
Dr Philippe Lavachery
Space and Activities Patterns. A proxy of social complexity?
L. Vrydaghs and V. Baeke
Semantics And Substance In The Search For Evidence Of “agricultural Origins”
David R. Harris (University College, London) Low-Level Food Production and “Domestication”
Bruce D. Smith (Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History)
Detecting Agriculture In The Environmental Record: Theoretical And Methodological Issues
Deborah M. Pearsall (University of Missouri, USA) The intensification model as applied to New Guinea prehistory: a re-examination of Kuk Phases 4, 5 and 6
Tim Bayliss-Smith (University of Cambridge, UK)
The Concept Of ‘domestication’ In Pacific Prehistory
J. Peter White (University of Sydney, Australia) Plant Domestication and Early Village Life in Mesoamerica and the Near East
Kevin O. Pope (Geo Eco Arc Research, Aquasco, USA) and Mary D. Pohl (Department of Anthropology, Florida State University, USA)
Re-Examining The “Typical” Pre-Hispanic Lowland South American Diet: A View From The Middle Orinoco
Linda Perry An Exploration in Domesticating Prehistoric Andean Landscapes: The case study of Zea mays L.
John E. Staller (The Field Museum, Chicago, USA)
Tracing The Origin And Diffusion Of Domesticated Maize Through Phytolith Assemblages Recovered From Food Residues
Robert G. Thompson (University of Minnesota, USA) Pre-Columbian indigenous migrations on South America inferred by genetics studies on archaeological crops founded in calcareous shelters of Brazil
Fábio de Oliveira Freitas (Embrapa Recursos Genéticos e Biotecnologia, Brasília)
Keepers Of Louisiana’s Levees: Early Moundbuilders, Forest Managers, Fisher-hunters, And Cultivators
Gayle J. Fritz (Washington University in St Louis, USA) Archaeobotany, Native Agriculture, and Bridges Between Native and Non-Native People: Upstate New York and Beyond
Jack Rossen (Ithaca College, USA)
Waxing Crescents, Non-centres And Non-sense: The Local Scale Of Agricultural Origins
Dorian Q. Fuller (University College, London) Palaeo-ethnobotanical finds from excavations in south India with reference to protohistoric Watgal, Karnataka: initial farming practices and possible African crop connections with Deccan peninsula
Mukund D. Kajale (Archaeology Department: Deccan College, Postgraduate & Research Institute, Pune- 411006, India)
Pastoralism In Africa Before Village Farming And States: Why Is Acceptance So Slow?
Diane Gifford-Gonzalez (University of California at Santa Cruz, USA) Human impact on the environment of two forested central African countries (Gabon and Cameroon) during the Holocene
R. Oslisly (Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Yaoundé) and L. White
(The Wildlife Conservation Society, New York, USA)
Agriculture In Rwanda During The Early Iron Age
Marie-Claude Van Grunderbeek and Emile Roche (Université de Liège, Brussels) Human Created Landscapes: The Archaeology of the Shashe-Limpopo River Basin, Northeastern Botswana
Sarah Dingalo and Alfred Tsheboeng (Archaeology Unit, University of Botswana, Private Bag UB00703, Gaborone, Botswana)
Holocene Land Use Patterns In Central Africa: A GIS Approach
Dr Philippe Lavachery (EMP Department, Douala, Cameroon) Space and Activities Patterns. A proxy of social complexity?
L. Vrydaghs (Department of Geography, University of Ghent) and V. Baeke (Museum of Central Africa, Tervuren)
Investigating The Dispersal Of Cultigens Into Southeastern South America
Jose Iriarte (University of Kentucky, USA) Prehistoric Plant Exploitation in New Guinea: Towards a Contingent Interpretation of Agriculture
Tim Denham (Flinders University, Australia)
Bananas In Prehistory: Perspectives From Papua New Guinea
Carol Lentfer (Southern Cross University, Lismore, Australia) Chronicling Indigenous Accounts of the Rise of Agriculture
Matthew P. Sayre (University of California at Berkeley, USA)
‘Traditional’ Or Spiritual-Driven As Opposed To ‘Modern’ Or Rational-Driven Agricultural Systems On The Island Of Rapa Nui (Easter Island, Chili)
Geertrui Louwagie and Roger Langohr (Ghent University, Belgium) The Kuk Site and New Guinea Agricultural History
Jack Golson (Australian National University, Australia)
Tubers And Palms And Their Role In Rain Forest Occupation In Borneo
Huw Barton (University of Leicester, UK) Transitions from Foraging to Farming in Southeast Asia: Inter-Disciplinary Insights from Niah Cave, Sarawak
Graeme Barker (University of Leicester, UK)
The Nature Of Domestication In Agricultural Formation
Doug Yen Evolutionary Theory and Agricultural Origins
Dolores R. Piperno (Smithsonian Tropical Research Institutem USA)
Day Wednesday & Thursday Date 25th & 26th June
Time 11.30-1PM & 4-6PM (W Room McMahon 318
The Relevance Of Archaeology In A Post-colonial World
Nick Shepherd (South Africa)
Towards A Responsive Archaeology In Sub-Saharan Africa
Kodzo Gavua Archaeology and Globalisation in Zambia
Ferdinand William Bekoe Akuffo (The Department of Development Studies, University of Zambia, PO Box 32379, Lusaka, Zambia)
Heading South, Looking North. Why We Need A Post-Colonial Archaeology
Nick Shepherd (Centre for African Studies, University of Cape Town, Private Bag, Rondebosch 7700, South Africa) News from the Rainbow Nation: Archaeology and Identity in post-Apartheid Southern Africa
Sven Ouzman (Anthropology Department, 232 Kroeber Hall, University of California at Berkeley, CA 94720-3710, USA)
The Place Of Archaeology Development In Contemporary Africa
T.O. Koyejo (University of Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria) The Bolivian Archaeology: A Look Towards Diversity and Post-colonialism
Z. Dante Angelo (Stanford University, Cultural and Social Anthropology, Bldg 110 Main Quad, Stanford, USA)
Empowerment And Exploitation In Central America 1969 – Present
Frederick W. Lange (Professor of Anthropology, Universidad Tecnologica de El Salvador, Fulbright Scholar (1999-2001), Public Education, For Cultural Heritage Preservation)
Day Sunday Date 22nd June
Time 9-11AM Room McMahon 318
The Northern Hemisphere As An Active Producer Of Theory And The Southern Hemisphere As A Passive Consumer Of Theory?
Pedro Funari (Brazil) and Nick Shepherd (South Africa)
Centre for African Studies,
University of Cape Town,
Private Bag, Rondebosch, 7700, South Africa
Does this apply universally? Are southern theories more applicable to local areas and northern theories to grand schemes? What are these theories?
FORMAT: PANEL DISCUSSION
Pedro Funari, Martin Hall, Gustavo Martinez, Sven Ouzman, Nick Shepherd, Robin Torrence
Day Sunday Date 22nd June
Time 11.30AM-1PM Room McMahon 318
Pedro Funari (Brazil)
Garden Of The Dead: Colonial Cemetery And Imperial Landscapes
Ashish Chadha Urban Archaeology of Port Adelaide: the Port Adelaide Historical Archaeology Project, South Australia
Susan Briggs (Department of Archaeology, Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia)
Reconstructing The Nineteenth Century Frontier On Federal Lands In Utah
Day Wednesday Date 25th June
Time 11.30AM-1PM Room Shahan 201