Independent Sessions are sessions that are currently not part of a theme.
Living Under The Shadow: The Archaeological, Cultural And Environmental Impact Of Volcanic Eruptions.
John Grattan (UK) and Robin Torrence (Australia)
Volcanic eruptions may have a diverse and occasionally devastating impact upon human cultures and the environment, which may be apparent in archaeological records, in oral and written accounts and in palaeoenvironmental data such as tree rings, lake sediments and peat cores. Civilizations may successfully exist in close proximity to active volcanoes and thrive, whilst distant cultures may be affected by volcanically induced environmental change; we invite archaeologists, anthropologists, geographers, geologists, historians and palaeoenvironmentalists to engage in debate concerning these issues and present the results of their recent research.
This topic is important because volcanic eruptions have affected human development since early hominids left their footprints in tephra fall. Throughout human history many cultures have developed under the influence of volcanic activity, sometimes malign, but frequently benign, how are these effects to be determined? This proposal aims to encourage debate of a series of key questions, which will develop the maturity of disaster archaeology.
Modeling Human Response To Volcanic Disasters In Coastal Ecuadorian Prehistory: A View From The Jama Valley.
James A. Zeidler (Associate Director for Cultural Resources, Center for Environmental Management of Military Lands, Colorado State University, Fort Collins) Impacts of minor volcanic activity on the cultural and inhabitation history of the Aegean.
Stathis C. Stiros (Dept of Civil Engineering, Patras University, Greece)
Are Distal Tephras More Effective In Resolving Volcanic Histories Than The Local Deposits?
John B. Hunt (Centre for Environmental Change and Quaternary Research, University of Gloucestershire, UK) Volcanic Eruptions and the Multi-Elemental Chemistry of Tree Rings: A Review of the Potential for Absolute Dating.
Charlotte Pearson, Sturt Manning, Max Coleman, (Department of Archaeology, University of Reading, UK) and Kym Jarvis (School of Earth Sciences & Geography, Kingston University, UK)
Critical Re-evaluations Of The Impact Of The Santorini Eruption
David Sewell (The University of Reading, UK) Of Chronologies and Kings: Santorini and the dating controversy
John Dayton (Institute of Archaeology, University College London)
Cultural Responses To Volcanic Eruptions In Japan: The Impact Of The 11400 BP Satsuma Tephra
Satoru Shimoyama (The Archaeological Museum of Ibusuki City, Kagoshima, Japan) Volcanic Shadow over the LBA Eastern Mediterranean – Devastation from the Eruption of Santorini, a Tambora-sized Event
Floyd W. McCoy (Department of Natural Sciences, University of Hawaii – Windward, USA)
Reconstruction And Aftermath Of The Catastrophic AD 1600 Huaynaputina Eruption
J.-C. Thouret (Laboratoire Magmas et Volcans, Université Blaise-Pascal, France), J. Dávila (Instituto Geofisico del Perú), E. Juvigné (Université d’Etat à Liège, Belgique) and J. Mariño (Laboratoire Magmas et Volcans, Université Blaise-Pascal, France) Ecological Roadblocks on a Constrained Landscape: The Cultural Effects of Catastrophic Holocene Volcanism on the Alaska Peninsula, Southwest Alaska.
Richard VanderHoek (Dept. of Anthropology, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana, USA) and Robert E. Nelson (Dept. of Geology, Colby College, Waterville, USA)
Gradual Vs. Punctuated Change: The Importance Of Scale In Evaluating Disasters
Robin Torrence (Division of Anthropology, Australian Museum, Sydney, Australia) Vulcanism and prehistory in the Massif Central of France
Jean-Paul Raynal (Université de Bordeaux 1, France), Gérard Vernet (France) and Guy Kieffer (France)
Geomythology, Theodicy And The Continuing Relevance Of Religious Worldviews On Responses To Volcanic Eruptions
David K. Chester (Department of Geography, University of Liverpool, UK) and Angus M. Duncan (Head of Research Graduate School, University of Luton, UK) The Campanian Ignimbrite eruption (ca.40,000 years BP) and the dynamics of the Late Pleistocene human evolution in Europe
F.G. Fedele (Section and Museum of Anthropology, University of Naples, Italy. ), B. Giaccio, R. Isaia and G. Orsi
Volcanic Influences On Human Mortality; The Long Reach Of Cold Rain And Hot Fogs.
John Grattan (The Institute of Geography and Earth Science, The University of Wales, UK) Eruptions of Haruna volcano and their impacts on human life in the 5-6th centuries A.D.
Tsutomu Soda (Paleoenvironment Research Institute Co., Ltd, Maebashi, Japan)
The Conceptual “mapping” Of A Volcano In Its Social Landscape: Volcán Barú, Panamá
Karen Holmberg (Department of Anthropology, Columbia University, USA) Archaeology of Fire and Glass: The Formation of Glass Mountain Obsidian
Carolyn Dillian (Department of Anthropology, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, USA)
The Impact Of Sunset Crater Volcano On Local Northern Arizona Populations, Ca. A.D. 1100.
Mark D. Elson (Desert Archaeology, Inc., Tucson, USA) and Michael Ort (Environmental Sciences and Geology, Northern Arizona University, USA) The Minoan eruption of Santorini, tephra distribution and climatic impacts
David Pyle (Dept of Earth Sciences, Downing St, Cambridge , UK)
A Reconstruction Of The C. 500 BP. Prehistoric Eruption Of Mt Pinatubo (Philippines)
Jean-Christophe Gaillard, Victor C. Paz, Eusebio Z. Dizon, Cristina Remotigue, Fernando P. Siringan (University of the Philippines), Francisco G. Delfin Jun. (Public Administration Program, School of Policy, Planning & Development, University of Southern California, USA), Emmanuel G. Ramos (Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology) Ethno-cultural dimension of a volcanic disaster; the case of the 1991 Mt Pinatubo eruption (Philippines)
Jean-Christophe Gaillard (Associate Professor, Department of Geography, College of Social Sciences and Philosophy, University of the Philippines)
All History Is Local: Impact And Response To The Pululahua Eruption In Northern Ecuador
John Isaacson (Los Alamos National Laboratory, New Mexico, USA) Beneficial Influences of Volcanic Eruptions on Prehistoric Agriculture: Lessons from the 11th Century Eruption of Sunset Crater, Arizona, USA
Kirk C. Anderson and Mark D. Elson (Quaternary Sciences Program, NAU and Navajo Nation Archaeology Department, Bilby Research Center, Northern Arizona University, USA)
Day Monday Date 23rd June
Time 9AM-1PM& 4-6PM Room Shahan 201
Out Of The Basement: The Use And Accessibility Of Archaeological Collections
Joan Bacharach (USA) and Christine Boyd (USA)
Over the last several decades a crisis has emerged within archaeology regarding the use and accessibility of archaeological collections. Artifacts have been entombed in repositories, basements and boxes, underutilized by professional researchers, students and the public. This problem is the result of too much emphasis within archaeology being placed on research and data collection through new excavations and not enough attention being given to artifacts once they have been removed from the field. In other words, the value of collections-based research has been long overlooked. A potential for new research surely lies in archaeological collections, because there are always new questions that can be asked of the same artifacts as our theoretical and methodological orientations change. The goal of this session is to explore innovative uses for collections and ways to increase accessibility through curation, education and the dissemination of information through new forms of media.
Adaptive Reuse: Incorporating Public Education Into The Curation Process
Laura S. Phillips (Archaeology Collections Manager, Burke Museum of Natural History & Culture, University of Washington) Collections and Education: The Potential of an Under-Used Resource
Carol J. Ellick
A Comparative Archaeological Study Of Colonial Chesapeake Culture
Julia A. King (Director, Maryland Archaeological Conservation Laboratory, Maryland Historical Trust, USA) Guarding the Guardians: Access and Museum Ownership in Tanzania
Fidelis T. Masao (Open University of Tanzania, Dar es Salaam)
Reconstituting The Past: Archaeological Preservation With A Geographic Information Database
Joshua J. Wells (Prehistory Research Fellow, Glenn A. Black Laboratory of Archaeology, Department of Anthropology, Indiana University, Bloomington, USA) Collections of the Archaeological Rescue Researchs in the Mato Grosso Do Sul State, Brazil
Emília Mariko Kashimoto (Laboratory of Archaeological Research of the Dom Bosco Museum, Dom Bosco Catholic University, Campo Grande/MS, Brazil)
Catholics, Collections, And Content: What Can Be Learned From The Curley Hall Vault Artifacts?
Antonia Davidson (The American University, School of International Service, IPFP, Washington, DC, USA) Sharing US National Park Service Museum Resources
Joan Bacharach (Museum Management Program, US National Park Service, USA)
Day Wednesday Date 25th June
Time 9AM-1PM Room Life Cycle 108
Andrew Warner, Nieves Ehrenberg (Department of Archaeology, Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia) and Stephanie Ford (University of New Mexico)
This session canvasses a wide range of recent approaches to archaeological research. The focus will be on innovation and substantive contributions to the discipline from any part of the world.
Calendric Orientation At Town Creek Indian Mound, North Carolina
Vance R. Tiede (MA (Archaeology)) and Gerald S. Hawkins (D. Sc. (Astronomy)) The Importance of Maya Spirituality in Every Day life, Past and Present
Calixta Gabriel (1a Calle 3-47, zona 2, San José Poaquil,Chimaltenango, Guatemala. C.A.)
Evolutionary Basis Of Hominid Cognition Development
Adam Chou Stonehenge: Archaeology and ancient knowledge
Gerald S. Hawkins (D. Sc. (Astronomy)) and Vance R. Tiede (MA (Archaeology))
Use-Wear Analysis On A Bone Awl Assemblage From Khirokitia (Cyprus, VIIth Millenium Cal. B.C)
Alexandra Legrand (2 rue Adolphe Lalyre, 92400 Courbevoie, France) Contacts Between the Carpathian Basin and the Mediterranean in the Early Middle Ages
Day Thursday Date 26th June
Time 9-11AM Room Shahan 204